Author Topic: Oldest Impact Crater on Earth Discovered  (Read 676 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Online Buster's Uncle

  • Celebrating AC2's 10th Year- Little Terraformer That Could
  • Ascend
  • *
  • Posts: 47097
  • €128
  • View Inventory
  • Send /Gift
  • Because there are times when people just need a cute puppy  Soft kitty, warm kitty, little ball of fur  Someone thinks a Winrar is You!  
  • AC2 is my instrument, my heart, as I play my song.
  • Planet tales writer Smilie Artist Custom Faction Modder AC2 Wiki contributor Downloads Contributor
    • View Profile
    • My Custom Factions
    • Awards
Oldest Impact Crater on Earth Discovered
« on: July 01, 2012, 04:21:16 PM »
Quote
Oldest Impact Crater on Earth Discovered
By Our Amazing Planet Staff | SPACE.com – Fri, Jun 29, 2012...


The world's oldest meteorite crater —a giant impact zone more than 62 miles wide — has been found in Greenland, scientists say.
 
Scientists think it was formed 3 billion years ago by a meteorite 19 miles (30 kilometer) wide — which, if it hit Earth today, would wipe out all higher life. The crater is so wide that it would reach the edge of space 62 miles (100 km) above Earth if stood on end.
 
The crater was "discovered" at an office in Copenhagen by scientist Adam Garde as he pored over maps showing nickel and platinum abundance in the target region of West Greenland. Garde, a senior research scientist with the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, saw a both simple and extreme explanation for several strange geological features in this region: an impact from a meteorite that may have contained valuable metals.

 A research team following up on Garde's research collected samples in 2011 that support his hypothesis, and the results are published in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
 
"The process was rather like a Sherlock Holmes story," said science team member Iain McDonald of Cardiff University's School of Earth and Ocean Science in a statement. "We eliminated the impossible in terms of any conventional terrestrial processes, and were left with a giant impact as the only explanation for all of the facts." [Fallen Stars: A Gallery of Famous Meteorites]
 
In the 3 billion years that have elapsed since the impact, the land has been eroded down to about 16 miles (25 km) below the original surface, and has lately also been carved and excavated by the Greenland ice sheet. All external parts of the impact structure have thus long gone, but the effects of the intense impact shock wave penetrated deep into the interior of the Earth and these remain visible today, according to the study.
 


About 180 impact craters have been discovered on Earth, and nearly one third of them contain significant minerals deposits like precious metals. A Canadian mining company, North American Nickel, is currently exploring the region, called Maniitsoq, for minerals.
 
"This single discovery means that we can study the effects of cratering on the Earth nearly a billion years further back in time than was possible before," McDonald said.
 
Before this discovery, the oldest crater was thought to be 2 billion years old, and 186 miles wide (300 km), located in South Africa. Scientists suspect that there were many more craters formed around 3 billion to 4 billion years ago when Earth lacked a protective atmosphere, although the vast majority of these have been destroyed by erosion, plate tectonics and other processes.
http://news.yahoo.com/oldest-impact-crater-earth-discovered-162802443.html

 

* User

Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
Did you miss your activation email?


Login with username, password and session length

Select language:

* Community poll

SMAC v.4 SMAX v.2 (or previous versions)
-=-
21 (7%)
XP Compatibility patch
-=-
9 (3%)
Gog version for Windows
-=-
84 (30%)
Scient (unofficial) patch
-=-
31 (11%)
Kyrub's latest patch
-=-
14 (5%)
Yitzi's latest patch
-=-
87 (31%)
AC for Mac
-=-
2 (0%)
AC for Linux
-=-
5 (1%)
Gog version for Mac
-=-
11 (3%)
No patch
-=-
15 (5%)
Total Members Voted: 279
AC2 Wiki Logo
-click pic for wik-

* Random quote

A ship at sea is its own world. To be the captain of a ship is to be the unquestionable ruler of that world and requires all of the leadership skills of a prince or minister.
~Col. Corazon Santiago 'Leadership and the Sea'

* Select your theme

*